How Would Muslims Make The Hajj In The 1700S


The Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is a significant religious duty for all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey. In the 1700s, the logistics of performing the Hajj were vastly different from what they are today. This article will delve into how Muslims would make the Hajj in the 1700s, exploring the challenges they faced and the practices they followed during that time.

Traveling to Mecca

  1. Long and arduous journey:
  2. Traveling to Mecca in the 1700s was a daunting task that required weeks, if not months, of travel on foot or by camel. The lack of modern transportation options meant that pilgrims had to endure harsh conditions and uncertain paths to reach their destination.

  3. Caravan routes:
  4. Pilgrims typically traveled in caravans for safety and support during the journey. These caravans followed established routes that were well-known and frequented by travelers making the Hajj. The journey was not only a physical challenge but also a test of endurance and faith.

  5. Cultural exchange:
  6. Traveling to Mecca in the 1700s provided an opportunity for Muslims from different regions and backgrounds to interact and exchange cultural practices. The pilgrimage served as a melting pot of diverse traditions and beliefs, enriching the experience for all participants.

Accommodation and Facilities

  1. Tent cities:
  2. Upon reaching Mecca, pilgrims would stay in tent cities set up specifically to accommodate the influx of travelers during the Hajj season. These temporary settlements provided basic facilities such as shelter, food, and water for the pilgrims.

  3. Shared resources:
  4. In the 1700s, resources were limited, and pilgrims had to share facilities such as water wells, bathrooms, and food distribution points. Cooperation and communal living were essential for the smooth functioning of the temporary settlements during the Hajj.

  5. Simple accommodations:
  6. Accommodations in Mecca during the 1700s were basic, with pilgrims often sleeping on the ground or in simple tents. The focus was on fulfilling the spiritual obligation of the Hajj rather than seeking luxury or comfort.

Performing the Rituals

  1. Tawaf around the Kaaba:
  2. One of the essential rituals of the Hajj is the Tawaf, which involves circling the Kaaba seven times in a counterclockwise direction. In the 1700s, the crowds of pilgrims performing the Tawaf would have been smaller compared to today, allowing for a more intimate and focused experience.

  3. Stoning of the devil:
  4. Another significant ritual is the Stoning of the Devil, where pilgrims throw pebbles at three pillars symbolizing Satan. In the 1700s, this ritual would have been conducted in a more simplistic manner, without the elaborate infrastructure and crowd management systems in place today.

  5. Mount Arafat:
  6. On the day of Arafat, pilgrims gather at Mount Arafat to pray and seek forgiveness. In the 1700s, the logistics of reaching Mount Arafat would have been more challenging, as there were no modern transport options available to pilgrims.


In conclusion, the Hajj in the 1700s was a vastly different experience compared to what it is today. Pilgrims undertook a long and arduous journey to reach Mecca, facing numerous challenges along the way. Accommodations were basic, and facilities were shared among pilgrims in the temporary settlements in Mecca. Despite the hardships, Muslims in the 1700s were dedicated to fulfilling their religious duty and participating in the rituals of the Hajj. The pilgrimage served as a unifying force, bringing together Muslims from diverse backgrounds and regions in a shared spiritual journey.

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