Mao Zedong Used Propaganda During The Cultural Revolution To


Mao Zedong, the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, utilized propaganda as a powerful tool to achieve his political goals, particularly during the Cultural Revolution. This article will delve into how Mao Zedong used propaganda to control the narrative, manipulate public opinion, and maintain his grip on power during this tumultuous period in Chinese history.

Elevating His Leadership

Establishing Cult of Personality: One of Mao’s key objectives during the Cultural Revolution was to solidify his own power and leadership. To achieve this, he relied heavily on propaganda to promote a cult of personality around himself. He was depicted as the savior of the Chinese people, with posters, artworks, and slogans portraying him as the ultimate authority and a hero of the masses.
Creating a Legendary Figure: Through propaganda, Mao was presented as a larger-than-life figure, embodying the ideals of the Communist Party and the revolution. His image was carefully crafted to evoke admiration, reverence, and unwavering loyalty among the populace.

Shaping Public Opinion

Manipulating Information: Mao Zedong and his supporters utilized propaganda to control the flow of information and shape public opinion. They monopolized the media, censoring dissenting voices and disseminating only the narratives that aligned with the Communist Party’s agenda.
Spreading Revolutionary Ideals: Propaganda was instrumental in spreading Maoist ideology and revolutionary fervor among the Chinese population. Posters, slogans, and mass rallies were used to indoctrinate the masses with the tenets of Mao Zedong Thought, serving as a powerful tool for mobilizing public support for the Cultural Revolution.

Consolidating Political Power

Targeting Perceived Enemies: Propaganda played a pivotal role in identifying and demonizing the purported “class enemies” and “counter-revolutionaries” within Chinese society. Through propaganda, Mao branded his political adversaries as traitors and enemies of the state, justifying their persecution and purging from positions of influence.
Building Popular Support: By leveraging propaganda, Mao sought to rally the masses behind his radical political agenda, garnering widespread public backing for the purges, mass mobilizations, and revolutionary upheavals that characterized the Cultural Revolution.

Creating Legitimacy

Propaganda Machinery: Mao Zedong established a vast propaganda apparatus to disseminate his messages and maintain a sense of legitimacy for his rule. This included the control of state-run media, the publication of officially sanctioned literature, and the organization of mass propaganda campaigns to promote his policies and initiatives.
Deifying Maoist Ideology: Propaganda was instrumental in promoting Mao Zedong’s political theories and doctrines as the guiding principles of the Communist Party and the Chinese state. His writings and speeches were elevated to the status of sacred texts, and his ideas were enshrined as the ideological cornerstone of the Cultural Revolution.


Mao Zedong’s use of propaganda during the Cultural Revolution was a calculated strategy aimed at consolidating his power, shaping public opinion, and legitimizing his radical political agenda. Through a combination of cult of personality, information control, and mass mobilization, Mao effectively utilized propaganda as a means of maintaining his grip on power and promoting his vision for a revolutionary socialist China. While the Cultural Revolution has long since ended, the enduring legacy of Mao’s propaganda tactics continues to resonate in China’s political landscape to this day.

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