What Is The Claim In An Argumentative Text

When it comes to writing argumentative essays or texts, one of the key components is the claim. The claim is the central point or argument that you are trying to make in your writing. It is essential to clearly articulate your claim as it will serve as the backbone of your entire argument. In this article, we will delve into what the claim is, how to formulate a strong claim, and why it is crucial in argumentative writing.

What Is a Claim?

A claim is the main argument or point that you are trying to prove or make in your essay or text. It is the overarching statement that you want your audience to believe or agree with by the end of reading your piece. Your claim should be specific, clear, and debatable to spark discussion and critical thinking.

Claims can take different forms depending on the nature of your argument. They can be in the form of a thesis statement, hypothesis, proposition, interpretation, or assertion. Whatever form it takes, the claim should be logically sound and well-supported by evidence and reasoning.

How to Formulate a Strong Claim

Formulating a strong claim is crucial for the success of your argumentative text. Here are some tips on how to create a compelling claim:

  1. Be Specific: Your claim should clearly state what you are arguing for or against. Avoid vague or broad statements that can be interpreted in multiple ways.
  2. Be Debatable: A strong claim is one that is open to debate or discussion. It should not be a universally accepted fact but rather a point of contention that requires evidence and reasoning to support.
  3. Be Focused: Your claim should be focused on a single main idea or argument. Avoid making multiple claims in one text as it can dilute the strength of your argument.
  4. Be Supported: Back up your claim with evidence, examples, statistics, or expert opinions. Providing solid support for your argument will make your claim more convincing and credible.

Why Is the Claim Important?

The claim is a vital component of argumentative writing for several reasons:

  1. Guides Your Argument: The claim serves as a roadmap for your entire argument. It keeps your writing focused and on track, helping you structure your points and evidence effectively.
  2. Engages Your Audience: A strong and debatable claim can pique your audience’s interest and draw them into the discussion. It encourages critical thinking and encourages readers to consider different perspectives.
  3. Establishes Credibility: A well-supported claim demonstrates that you have done your research and thought carefully about your argument. It enhances your credibility as a writer and persuades your audience to take your argument seriously.
  4. Encourages Critical Thinking: By presenting a clear claim that is open to debate, you invite your audience to think critically and analyze the evidence you provide. It fosters intellectual engagement and promotes deeper understanding of the topic.

Examples of Claims

Here are some examples of strong claims in argumentative texts:

  1. Claim: The use of smartphones in classrooms enhances student engagement and learning outcomes.
  2. Claim: The death penalty is an ineffective and inhumane form of punishment that should be abolished.
  3. Claim: Social media has a detrimental impact on mental health, especially among teenagers.
  4. Claim: Climate change is primarily caused by human activities and requires urgent global action to mitigate its effects.

These examples illustrate how each claim presents a clear argument that can be debated, supported with evidence, and analyzed in depth.


In conclusion, the claim is the central point or argument that you are trying to make in your argumentative text. It is crucial to formulate a strong and debatable claim that guides your entire argument, engages your audience, and establishes your credibility as a writer. By following the tips outlined in this article and providing solid evidence to support your claim, you can create a compelling and persuasive argument that sparks discussion and critical thinking.

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