What Is The Solution Of The Following System

Introduction

When it comes to systems of equations, finding the solution can be crucial in various fields such as mathematics, engineering, economics, and more. Understanding how to solve systems of equations is fundamental for problem-solving and decision-making. In this article, we will delve into the concept of solving systems of equations and explore different methods to find their solutions.

Understanding Systems of Equations

A system of equations consists of two or more equations that share the same variables. The goal is to find the values of the variables that satisfy all the equations simultaneously. There are several types of systems of equations, including linear, non-linear, homogeneous, and non-homogeneous systems.

One common way of representing a system of equations is:

ax + by = c

dx + ey = f

where a, b, c, d, e, and f are constants, and x and y are variables.

Methods for Solving Systems of Equations

There are various methods to solve systems of equations, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Some of the common methods include:

  • Graphical method: Plotting the equations on a graph and finding the intersection point.
  • Substitution method: Solving one equation for one variable and substituting it into the other equation.
  • Elimination method: Adding or subtracting the equations to eliminate one variable.
  • Matrix method: Representing the system of equations as a matrix and using matrix operations to find the solution.

Example System of Equations

Let’s consider the following system of equations as an example:

3x + y = 7

2x – y = 1

Solution Using Different Methods

1. Graphical Method

To solve the system graphically, we can plot both equations on the same graph and find the point of intersection. In this case, the solution is where the two lines intersect.

Graphical Solution

In the example above, the solution to the system of equations is x = 2 and y = 1, which is the point of intersection of the two lines.

2. Substitution Method

In the substitution method, we solve one equation for one variable and substitute it into the other equation. From the example system:

From equation 2x – y = 1, we can rewrite it as:

y = 2x – 1

Substitute y = 2x – 1 into 3x + y = 7:

3x + (2x – 1) = 7

5x – 1 = 7

5x = 8

x = 8/5

Substitute x = 8/5 into y = 2x – 1:

y = 2(8/5) – 1 = 1

Therefore, the solution to the system of equations using the substitution method is x = 8/5 and y = 1.

3. Elimination Method

In the elimination method, we add or subtract the equations to eliminate one variable. From the example system:

Multiply equation 1 by 2:

6x + 2y = 14

2x – y = 1

Add the equations:

8x = 15

x = 15/8

Substitute x = 15/8 into 3x + y = 7:

3(15/8) + y = 7

45/8 + y = 7

y = 1

Therefore, the solution to the system of equations using the elimination method is x = 15/8 and y = 1.

4. Matrix Method

In the matrix method, we represent the system of equations as a matrix and use matrix operations to find the solution. From the example system:

Write the system of equations in matrix form:

[3 1] [x] = [7]

[2 -1] [y] [1]

Now, solve the matrix equation:

[x] = [3 1]^-1 [7]

[y] [2 -1] [1]

Calculating the inverse matrix and multiplying:

[x] = [1.4]

[y] [1]

Therefore, the solution to the system of equations using the matrix method is x = 1.4 and y = 1.

Conclusion

Solving systems of equations is a fundamental skill in mathematics and other fields. Understanding the different methods for finding solutions to systems of equations is essential for problem-solving and decision-making. Whether using graphical, substitution, elimination, or matrix methods, each approach offers a unique way to determine the values of variables that satisfy multiple equations simultaneously.

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