Which Correctly Demonstrates Mla Formatting

Introduction to MLA Formatting

MLA (Modern Language Association) formatting is a widely used citation style in the humanities, especially in English studies. It provides guidelines for creating citations to acknowledge sources used in research papers, essays, and other academic writing. MLA formatting also includes rules for document layout, in-text citations, and works cited pages.

Key Components of MLA Formatting

Understanding the key components of MLA formatting is essential for correctly formatting your academic papers. Here are the key elements:

  • Title Page: MLA formatting does not require a separate title page. Instead, the author’s name, instructor’s name, course title, and date are typically placed in the upper left corner of the first page of the paper.
  • In-Text Citations: In-text citations in MLA format include the author’s last name and the page number in parentheses. If the author’s name is mentioned in the sentence, only the page number is needed in the citation.
  • Works Cited Page: The works cited page is a separate page at the end of the paper that lists all the sources cited in the paper. Each source entry should follow a specific format.
  • Formatting Guidelines: MLA formatting guidelines include double spacing throughout the document, a legible font (such as Times New Roman), and 1-inch margins on all sides.

MLA Formatting for Different Source Types

MLA formatting may vary depending on the type of source being cited. Here are some examples of how to correctly format different types of sources:


When citing a book in MLA format, include the author’s name, title of the book, publisher, publication date, and page numbers. For example:

Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

Journal Articles

For citing journal articles, include the author’s name, article title, journal name, volume number, issue number, publication date, and page numbers. For example:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Journal Name, vol. X, no. Y, Publication Date, pp. XX-YY.


When citing websites, include the author’s name (if available), website name, publication date (if available), URL, and access date. For example:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Web Page.” Website Name, Publisher, Publication Date, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

Common Mistakes in MLA Formatting

Students often make mistakes in MLA formatting, which can impact the overall quality of their papers. Here are some common errors to avoid:

  • Missing Author Information: Always include the author’s name in your citations, whether it’s a book, journal article, or website.
  • Incorrect Title Formatting: Titles of books, articles, and websites should be italicized in MLA format, not enclosed in quotation marks.
  • Improper Page Number Citation: Make sure to include the correct page number in your in-text citations to direct readers to the specific source.
  • Lack of Consistency: Maintain consistency in formatting throughout your paper, including font style, size, and margins.

Using MLA Formatting Tools

To ensure accurate MLA formatting, students can use various online tools and resources. These tools help in generating citations, formatting works cited pages, and checking for errors. Some popular MLA formatting tools include:

  • EasyBib: EasyBib is a citation generator that allows users to create citations in MLA format for books, articles, websites, and more.
  • Purdue OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides detailed guidelines on MLA formatting, including sample papers, citation examples, and formatting tips.
  • Citation Machine: Citation Machine helps users generate accurate MLA citations for various source types, ensuring proper formatting.
  • RefWorks: RefWorks is a citation management tool that helps students organize and create citations in MLA format for their research projects.


In conclusion, understanding and correctly implementing MLA formatting guidelines are crucial for academic writing. By following the key components of MLA formatting, citing different source types accurately, avoiding common mistakes, and utilizing MLA formatting tools, students can ensure the quality and integrity of their research papers. Remember to always refer to the latest MLA handbook for updates and additional guidance on proper MLA formatting.

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