Which Of These Best Describes The Purpose For Hands-Only Cpr

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an essential life-saving technique that can help maintain vital blood flow to the heart and brain in an emergency. CPR is commonly performed on individuals who have experienced cardiac arrest or other related medical emergencies. While traditional CPR involves both chest compressions and rescue breaths, hands-only CPR focuses solely on chest compressions. This article will explore the purpose of hands-only CPR, its benefits, and when it should be performed.

The Purpose of Hands-Only CPR

Hands-only CPR, also known as compression-only CPR, is a simplified form of CPR that focuses solely on chest compressions without the addition of rescue breaths. This technique is designed to make CPR more accessible to the general public, as it removes the barrier of having to perform mouth-to-mouth ventilations. Hands-only CPR is recommended for individuals who are untrained or uncomfortable with providing rescue breaths, and it can be equally as effective in certain emergency situations.

The purpose of hands-only CPR is to maintain blood circulation to vital organs, particularly the brain and heart, during a cardiac arrest or similar event. Chest compressions help keep the blood flowing until professional medical help can arrive. The American Heart Association (AHA) and other leading health organizations support the use of hands-only CPR as a valuable and potentially life-saving intervention.

Benefits of Hands-Only CPR

There are several key benefits associated with hands-only CPR, making it an important skill for individuals to learn and practice:

  • Easy to Learn and Remember: Hands-only CPR is easier to learn and remember compared to traditional CPR with rescue breaths. This makes it more accessible to a wider range of people, increasing the likelihood that someone nearby can provide life-saving assistance in an emergency.
  • Greater Confidence and Willingness to Act: Some individuals may feel uncomfortable or hesitant to perform traditional CPR due to the need to provide rescue breaths. Hands-only CPR removes this barrier, boosting confidence and willingness to act in an emergency.
  • Comparable Effectiveness: Research has shown that hands-only CPR can be just as effective as traditional CPR in the first few minutes of a cardiac arrest event when administered by a bystander. This means that individuals who are untrained or unable to provide rescue breaths can still make a meaningful difference by performing chest compressions.
  • Increased Survival Rates: By encouraging more people to perform hands-only CPR in emergency situations, the overall survival rates for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest can be increased. Every minute without CPR and defibrillation reduces the likelihood of survival, making quick intervention crucial.

When to Perform Hands-Only CPR

Hands-only CPR is recommended in specific emergency situations, and knowing when to perform it can greatly impact the outcome for the individual in need. The AHA provides clear guidelines on when to use hands-only CPR:

  • For Adults and Teenagers: In the event of a sudden cardiac arrest in an adult or teenager, bystanders should immediately call for emergency medical assistance and begin hands-only CPR. It is crucial to act quickly and provide continuous chest compressions until professional help arrives.
  • When Uncomfortable with Rescue Breaths: If a bystander is untrained or uncomfortable with providing rescue breaths, they should perform hands-only CPR as an alternative. It is important to focus on providing high-quality chest compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
  • When Trained in Traditional CPR: Bystanders who have been trained in traditional CPR may still opt to perform hands-only CPR if they are unable or unwilling to provide rescue breaths in a specific situation. The priority is to initiate immediate chest compressions to support blood circulation.

It’s important to note that hands-only CPR is not suitable for all emergency scenarios. For infants, children, drowning victims, and other specific cases, traditional CPR with rescue breaths is still the recommended approach. Training in both hands-only CPR and traditional CPR can provide individuals with the skills and knowledge needed to adapt to different emergency situations.


Hands-only CPR serves a vital purpose in providing immediate and effective assistance to individuals experiencing cardiac arrest or related emergencies. Its simplicity, accessibility, and proven effectiveness make it an essential skill for bystanders and individuals within the community to learn and practice. By understanding the purpose of hands-only CPR, its benefits, and when to perform it, more people can be empowered to take life-saving action when it matters most.

Remember, when faced with an emergency situation, quick intervention can make a significant difference in the outcome. By learning and being prepared to perform hands-only CPR, individuals can contribute to improved survival rates and better overall outcomes for those in need.

Redaksi Android62

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