In mathematics, ordered pairs play a crucial role in graphing inequalities. When we are given two separate inequalities and asked to find the ordered pairs that satisfy both, it can be challenging to determine the correct options. This article will explore the methods for identifying which ordered pairs make both inequalities true, and provide examples to clarify the process.

## Understanding Ordered Pairs and Inequalities

**Ordered pairs** are pairs of numbers written in a specific order, often denoted as (x, y). In mathematics, ordered pairs are used to represent coordinates on a two-dimensional plane. The first number corresponds to the x-coordinate, and the second number corresponds to the y-coordinate.

**Inequalities** are mathematical expressions that compare two quantities that are not equal. Inequality symbols include greater than (>), less than (<), greater than or equal to (≥), and less than or equal to (≤). When we are tasked with finding the ordered pairs that satisfy two given inequalities, we are essentially looking for the points on the coordinate plane that lie within the solution sets of both inequalities.

## Graphing Inequalities

Graphing inequalities allows us to visually represent the solution set of an inequality on the coordinate plane. The solution set is the set of all possible values that satisfy the inequality. Here’s how we graph two inequalities and find the region that satisfies both.

Consider the inequalities:

1) 2x + y ≤ 10

2) x – 3y > 6

To graph the first inequality, we can start by treating it as an equation and plotting the corresponding line. The inequality symbol (≤) indicates that the line should be solid to include the points on the line as part of the solution set. The next step is to determine which side of the line represents the solutions to the inequality. We can do this by choosing a test point not on the line – (0,0) is a common choice – and substituting its coordinates into the inequality. If the test point satisfies the inequality, the region containing the test point is the solution set; otherwise, it is the opposite region.

For the second inequality, we treat it as an equation and graph the corresponding line. However, the inequality symbol (>), indicates that the line should be dashed to exclude the points on the line from the solution set. We then choose a test point and determine which side of the line satisfies the inequality.

After graphing both inequalities, we look for the region where the shaded areas overlap. This overlapping region represents the solutions that satisfy both inequalities. The ordered pairs within this region are the ones that make both inequalities true.

## Finding Ordered Pairs that Satisfy Both Inequalities

Now that we understand how to graph inequalities and identify the overlapping region, let’s explore how to find the ordered pairs that satisfy both inequalities analytically.

To find the ordered pairs that satisfy both inequalities, we can use the following method:

1) Graph both inequalities on the same coordinate plane.

2) Identify the region where the shaded areas overlap.

3) Find the coordinates of the vertices (corners) of the overlapping region.

4) Test the coordinates of each vertex in both inequalities to determine which ones satisfy both inequalities.

By testing the coordinates of the vertices in both inequalities, we can determine which ordered pairs make both inequalities true.

## Example

Let’s consider the inequalities:

1) 3x + 2y ≥ 6

2) 2x – y < 4 First, we graph both inequalities on the same coordinate plane. After graphing, we identify the region where the shaded areas overlap. Next, we find the coordinates of the vertices of the overlapping region. In this case, the vertices are the points where the shaded areas intersect or the points where the lines representing the inequalities intersect. After finding the vertices, we can test the coordinates of each vertex in both inequalities. Let’s say the vertices are: (1,2), (2,3), and (-1,4). We can substitute the coordinates of each vertex into both inequalities and check if they satisfy the inequalities. For the first inequality (3x + 2y ≥ 6):

– Testing (1,2): 3(1) + 2(2) = 7, which satisfies the inequality.

– Testing (2,3): 3(2) + 2(3) = 12, which satisfies the inequality.

– Testing (-1,4): 3(-1) + 2(4) = 5, which satisfies the inequality.

For the second inequality (2x – y < 4):

– Testing (1,2): 2(1) – 2 < 4, which satisfies the inequality.

– Testing (2,3): 2(2) – 3 < 4, which satisfies the inequality.

– Testing (-1,4): 2(-1) – 4 < 4, which satisfies the inequality. From the test of vertices, we find that the ordered pairs (1,2) and (2,3) satisfy both inequalities. These are the pairs that make both inequalities true.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, finding the ordered pairs that satisfy two inequalities involves graphing the inequalities on the coordinate plane, identifying the overlapping region, finding the vertices of the overlapping region, and testing the coordinates of the vertices in both inequalities. By following this method, we can determine which ordered pairs make both inequalities true.

It’s important to note that the process of identifying ordered pairs that satisfy both inequalities may vary depending on the specific inequalities given. However, the general approach outlined in this article provides a systematic method for finding the correct options.

This article has explained the process step by step and provided an example to illustrate the method. By following the steps outlined here, individuals can confidently determine which ordered pairs make both inequalities true.

Overall, understanding how to identify ordered pairs that satisfy multiple inequalities is essential for solving mathematical problems and analyzing real-world situations. With practice and a solid understanding of the concepts, individuals can effectively apply this knowledge to various mathematical scenarios.